of the testicles accounts for only about one percent of all cancers
in men. BUT, it is the most common type of cancer in males ages
16 to 35, and it can occur anytime after age fifteen.
only one testicle is affected. The cause of testicular cancer is
still unknown. Risk factors, however, have been found. These include:
Uncorrected undescended testicles in infants and young
children. (Parents should make sure that their infant boys are checked
at birth for undescended testicles.)
A family history of testicular cancer. (If you dont
Having an identical twin with testicular cancer.
Injury to the scrotum or to a testicle.
Its five times more common among Caucasian than
is Testicular Self-Exam? (TSE)
The TSE is a
method for guys and men to check their testicles to make sure there
aren't any unusual bumps or lumps, which may be the first sign of
testicular cancer. Sometimes cancer of the testicles will spread,
so its very important to detect it early so that the cancer
doesn't become more serious. The Tour de France winner and great
cyclist Lance Armstrong beat testicular cancer, but he ignored symptoms
for a long time and nearly died from it since it spread so much.
2005 -- Update: Lance Armstrong wins his 7th consecutive Tour
Do I Do A TSE?
yourself right after a hot shower. The skin of the scrotum
is then relaxed and soft.
Become familiar with the normal size, shape and weight
of your testicles.
both hands, gently roll each testicle between your fingers.
the epididymis. This is a rope-like structure on the
top and back of each testicle. This structure is NOT
an abnormal lump.
on the alert for a tiny lump under the skin, in front
or along the sides of either testicle. A lump may remind
you of a piece of uncooked rice or a small cooked pea.
any swelling to your health care provider.
If you have any lumps or swelling, it does not necessarily mean
you have cancer, but you must be checked by your health care provider.
If detected and treated early , testicular cancer is one of the
most curable cancers.
Signs of A Problem
In the early
stages, testicular cancer may have no symptoms. When there are symptoms,
painless lump in a testicle.
of heaviness in the testicle or groin.
in the testicle.
change in the way the testicle feels.
male breasts and nipples.
or fluid that accumulates suddenly in the scrotum.
Remember that testicular cancer is
highly curable, especially when detected and treated early. Testicular
cancer almost always occurs in only one testicle and the other
testicle is all that is needed for full sexual function.
self-exams are important, but they cannot substitute for a health
care provider's examination. That person should examine your testicles
when you have a physical exam. You can also ask them to teach you
the correct way to do a TSE. Heres to your health!